Original Message --------
Subject: Re: Evaluation, Assessment, and Rubrics
Date: Wed, 15 Sep 2004 16:31:10 -0700
From: Richard Hake
In her POD post of 14 Sep 2004 10:00:14-0700 titled "Evaluation, Assessment, and Rubrics," Leora Baron wrote:
I am looking for two items that my fellow POD'ers may be able to provide: First, a definition distinguishing between evaluation and assessment; and second, an online location that has a good description and illustration of rubrics.
I. ASSESSMENT vs EVALUATION If one:
(1) goes to the powerful but little used POD search engine
(2) types into the "Since" slot "2003" (without the quotes), and into the "Subject" slot,
(a) "assessment" (without the quotes), s(he) will obtain 90 hits,
(b) "evaluation" (without the quotes), s(he) will obtain 168 hits,
(c) "assessment vs evaluation" (without the quotes) s(he) will obtain 10 hits.
My own take on "assessment vs evaluation" can be found in Hake (2004). From the perspective of the physics education reform effort [Hake (2002a,b), I find it useful to make NO distinction between "assessment" and "evaluation," but to make a 4-quadrant discrimination cf., Stokes (2000) of types of assessment/evaluation on the basis formative vs summative on one axis and public vs private on an orthogonal axis.
The non distinction between "assessment" and "evaluation," is
contrary to the preferences of: (a) Steve Ehrmann (2004), (b) most of
those contributing to the POD thread "Assessment vs Evaluation," (c)
Mark Davenport (2004), and (d) the "Glossary of Program Evaluation
II. RUBRICS If you mean by "rubric": "a technique, custom, form, or thing established or settled (as by authority)" (definition #4 in Webster's Third New International Dictionary Unabridged), then it all depends on what one is attempting to assess/evaluate.
IF it's student learning, and not *affective" impact as might be assessed by student evaluations of teaching (SET's)
(a) Peggy Maki's (2004) recent book might be useful, but I have not seen it. In a POD post of 22 Jul 2004 15:09:54-0400, Barbara Cambridge, Director of the Carnegie Academy Campus Program wrote: "Peggy Maki's new book on assessment is excellent. It is jointly published by Stylus and AAHE."
(b) You might consider pre/post testing using valid and consistently reliable tests developed by disciplinary experts in education research Hake (2004b,c). As indicated in Hake (2004b), this is becoming more and more popular in astronomy, economics, biology, chemistry, computer science, and engineering. In many cases it has been stimulated by the pre/post testing effort in physics education research, initiated by the landmark work of Halloun & Hestenes (1998a,b).
Richard Hake, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Indiana University
24245 Hatteras Street, Woodland Hills, CA 91367
Davenport, M.A. 2004. "Re: Assessment vs Evaluation," ASSESS post of
13 Aug 2004 12:08:46-0400; online at
Ehrmann, S. 2004. "Re: Evaluation, Assessment, and Rubrics." POD post
of 14 Sep 2004 14:31:48-0700; online at
Hake, R.R. 2002a. "Lessons from the physics education reform effort,"
Ecology and Society 5(2): 28; online at
Hake, R.R. 2002b. "Assessment of Physics Teaching Methods,
Proceedings of the UNESCO-ASPEN Workshop on Active Learning in
Physics, Univ. of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, 2-4 Dec. 2002; also online
as ref. 29 at
Hake, R.R. 2004a. "Re: Assessment vs Evaluation," online at
Hake, R.R. 2004b. "Re: Measuring Content Knowledge," online at
Hake, R.R. 2004c. "Re: Measuring Content Knowledge," online at
Halloun, I. & D. Hestenes. 1985a. "The initial knowledge state of
college physics students." Am. J. Phys. 53:1043-1055; online at
Halloun, I. & D. Hestenes. 1985b. "Common sense concepts about
motion." Am. J. Phys. 53:1056-1065; online at
Halloun, I., R.R. Hake, E.P Mosca, D. Hestenes. 1995. Force Concept
Inventory (Revised, 1995); online (password protected) at
Hestenes, D., M. Wells, & G. Swackhamer, 1992. "Force Concept
Inventory." Phys. Teach. 30: 141-158; online (except for the test
Maki, P. 2004. "Assessing for Learning: Building a Sustainable Commitment Across the Institution." Stylus. Maki is the former Director of Assessment of the AAHE.
Stokes, D. E. 1997. "Pasteur's quadrant: Basic science and technological innovation." Brookings Institution Press.
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